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These projects will, over their lifetimes, release 37.5 billion tons of CO2 into the Earth's atmosphere.

Another $3.9 billion in fossil fuel lending is pending, which will add another 3.8 billion tons of CO2 to the Bank's climate change portfolio for the years 1992-98.

Over the next 20 to 50 years, these projects will add carbon dioxide emissions to the Earth's atmosphere equivalent to 1.3 times the total amount emitted by all the world's countries in 1995.

Total estimated carbon dioxide emissions for all of the countries from fossil fuel combustion--the single greatest contributor to climate change--were approximately 28 billion tons of CO2 in 1995.

To learn more about how the World Bank is changing the Earth's climate for business, see http://www.seen.org/pages/ifi.shtml

These projects are often associated with major human rights abuses.

For example a gas pipeline in Burma, allegedly built with slave labor, feeds into World Bank-backed power projects across the border in Thailand, to Nigeria, where 9 Ogoni activists were hanged in 1995 for opposition to oil drilling in their homeland, the World Bank is involved in promoting a gas pipeline from Chevron's fields in Nigeria to CMS Energy's new power plant in Ghana.

To learn about the campaign to phase out public financing of fossil fuel projects, go to http://www.foei.org/ifi/phaseoutenglish.html .

 

The World Bank is considering funding a US$2 billion, 3,000 kilometer pipeline which will connect the Santa Cruz gas fields in Bolivia to Porto Alegre in Southern Brazil.

Sections of the pipeline will traverse the Pantanal wetlands of both Bolivia and Brazil in addition to Bolivia's Chaco and subtropical forests, and the threatened Brazilian Atlantic forests in Santa Catarina and São Paulo states.

Environmental and social impacts are already evident in El Carmen, a community in Bolivia caught in the path of the pipeline. approximately 1,000 construction workers had overwhelmed the community of 2,500.

During and after the construction period, the community suffered severe impacts: shortages of food and medicine; reduced water and telephone access; pollution from noise and trash; siting of the pipeline within 600 meters of the school; illegal logging; construction of new access roads into the forest; misconduct by construction workers, including sexual abuse of local women.

For more information see: http://www.amazonwatch.org/megaprojects/bbpipeline.html

 

The Bank is ensuring that much of China's future power will come from coal despite the fact that the country already burns more coal than any other country, the dirtiest, most carbon-intensive of fossil fuels. Over $1.3 billion was spent on coal-fired power in China for four massive coal burners --Tuoketuo, Waigaoqao, Hunan and Yancheng.

These four burners alone will eventually release more than 2 billion tons of CO2 into the Earth's atmosphere. From May 1997 through September of 1998, the World Bank has backed more fossil fuel power capacity than it did in the previous five years, with the largest share of those investments being in China.

http://www.seen.org/pages/ifis/wbreport1/plants.en.shtml#as-h3-668786

 

 

The World Bank is currently considering funding the 'Chad-Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project' which consists of sinking some 300 oil wells in southern Chad's and running a 1,050-km buried pipeline the full length of Cameroon to a marine export terminal in the Atlantic Ocean.

A corporate consortium of Exxon, the Anglo-Dutch firm Shell and France's Elf originally decided to put up 97% of the project's 3.5-billion- dollar cost but Shell, Elf and Agip have all pulled out leaving only Exxon. Human rights abuses along the pipeline route are already occurring.

The US State Department reports that unarmed civilians already have been murdered in two massacres in the oil field region in Chad and eight human rights organisations have been suspended for organising protests against these massacres and arrests which have taken place in direct connection to the pipeline project.''

In Cameroon, ''security forces continue to commit numerous serious human rights abuses.

In particular, the indigenous Pygmy populations, living on the proposed pipeline route, suffer from discrimination and abuse.''

For more information see: http://www.brettonwoodsproject.org/topic/environment/e3111chad.html

 

The World Bank loaned US$400 million to the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) in 1993 for a major coal mining project in Singrauli and other sites.

After local people filed complaints about inadequate resettlement and rehabilitation, police and heavy equipment were sent in to forcibly evict the villagers near the Vindhyachal ash dike.

A World Bank inspection revealed that people had given only one day's notice to move in the middle of the rainy season, then beaten by the police if they refused.

One elderly widow was physically restrained as her house was bulldozed over her objections. Villagers say that these abuses have been routine for the last 35 years as the area has been transformed from a dense forest inhabited by tigers and bears, starting with the Rihand electrical dam win the 1960s.

In 1977, the World Bank lent $850 million to construct a major coal power plant, an open-pit mine and transmission lines. Over the course of these successive projects, more than 150,000 people have been displaced, some as many as five times.

For more information see

http://www.ciel.org/Publications/prsing.html and http://www.essential.org/monitor/hyper/mm1295.06.html

 

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